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Novel Short AMP: Design and Activity Study

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In a previous study, we reported that truncation of HP (2-20) (derived from the N-terminal region of Helicobacter pylori Ribosomal Protein L1 (RPL1)) at the N- (residues 2-3) and C-terminal (residues 17-20) truncated fragments to give HP (4-16) induces increased antibiotic activity against several bacterial strains without hemolysis. In this study, to develop novel short antibiotic peptides useful as therapeutic drugs, an analogue was designed to possess increased hydrophobicity by Trp substitution in position 2 region of HP (4-16). Synthetic HP (4-16)-W showed an enhanced antimicrobial and antitumor activity. The antimicrobial activity of this peptide and others was measured by their growth inhibitory effect upon S. aureus, B. subtilis, S. epidermidis, E. coli, S. typimurium, P. aeruginosa, C. albicans, T. beigelii and S. cerevisiae. None of the peptides exhibited hemolytic activity against human erythrocyte cells except melittin as a positive control. Its antibiotic activity suggests that HP (4-16)-W is an excellent candidate as a lead compound for the development of novel antibiotic agents.
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Keywords: HP (4-16)-W; Helicobacter pylori ribosomal protein L1; antibiotic agents; antimicrobial activity; cecropin-like peptide; erythrocyte cells; gastrointestinal illness; hemolytic activity; innate immunity; peptic ulcers

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Research Center for Proteineous Materials, Chosun University, Gwangju 501-759, Korea.

Publication date: 2012-06-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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