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Synthesis and Biological Activity of Mouse Hepcidin Peptide Analogs Containing Three Disulfide Bridges: Manual and Microwave-Assisted Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis

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Abstract:

Hepcidin, a 25 amino acid peptide hormone containing a complex network of four disulfide bonds is the hormone regulator of iron homeostasis. Three bridges synthetic peptide analogs have been prepared following two synthetic strategies and two oxidation procedures: i) a microwave-assisted solid phase synthesis followed by air oxidation of the six free cysteines ii) a manual solid phase synthesis followed by stepwise deprotection and oxidation of cysteine pairs. All the peptides with different connectivities have been characterized by MALDI ToF spectrometry, and tested for their ability to degrade the cellular iron exporter, ferroportin. While linear peptides are inactive, the one-bridge and two-bridge peptides retaining protected cysteines by bulky substituents are active. Similarly, the three-bridge peptides are active irrespective of their disulfide connectivities.





Keywords: Hepcidin; MALDI ToF spectrometry; cysteines; defensin family; disulfide; ferroportin; homeostasis; microwave synthesis; oxidation; peptide folding

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
ben/ppl/2012/00000019/00000002/art00013
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