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Stability and Bioactivity Studies on Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Resistant Glucogan-like Peptide-1 Analogues

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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) was once considered as an ideal anti-diabetic candidate for its important role in maintaining glucose homeostasis through the regulation of islet hormone secretion, as well as hepatic and gastric function. However, the major therapeutic obstacle for using native GLP-1 as a therapeutic agent is its very short half-life primarily due to their degradation by the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV). In this study, GLP-1 analogues with modifications in amino acid site 8, 22 and 23 were synthesized using solid phase peptide synthesis. Resistance of these analogues to DPP-IV cleavage was investigated in vitro by incubation of the peptides with DPP-IV or human plasma. Glucoregulating efficacy of the analogues was evaluated in normal Kunming mice using intraperitoneal glucose tolerance model. Glucose lowering effect of combination therapy (analogue plus Vildagliptin) has also been studied. In vitro studies showed that the modified analogues were much more stable than native GLP-1 (nearly 100% of the peptide keep intact after 4 h incubation). In vivo biological activity evaluation revealed that His8-EEE (the most potent GLP-1 analogues in this study) exhibited significantly improved glycemic control potency (approximately 4.1-fold over saline and 2.5-fold over GLP-1) and longer time of active duration (at least 5 h). Combination therapy also showed the trend of its superiority over mono-therapy. Modified analogues showed increased potency and biological half-time compared with the native GLP-1, which may help to understand the structure-activity relationship of GLP-1 analogues.

Keywords: DPP-IV; His7-glucitol Glucagon-like peptide-1; Site specific midification; Vildagliptin; Xaa8-Glu21-Glu22-Glu23; analogue; combination therapy; plasma glucose; proglucagon; type 2 diatetes

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-02-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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