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Novel High-affinity Aβ-binding Peptides Identified by an Advanced In Vitro Evolution, Progressive Library Method

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Recent studies have been supporting that the generation of Aβ42 oligomers is responsible for Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, those peptides which bind to Aβ42 are scientifically interesting and can be possible candidates for the diagnosis and therapy of Alzheimer's disease. A systemic in vitro evolution, developed recently and the designated progressive library method (PLM), was applied to obtain Aβ42-binding aptamers peptides. As a result, high affinity peptide aptamers made of 8 or 9 amino acids could be identified by this approach, endorsing the methodological effectiveness. Namely, the selection products from the secondary library of diversified peptides, which was constructed based on the information obtained from the primary library selection, were confirmed to be superior to those selected from the primary library as had been reported previously. The affinities of those peptides measured by SPR (surface plasmon resonance) were comparable to or higher than that of those peptides so far reported (Kd of 10-7). The other peptides selected were confirmed of their binding by a novel mode of gel shift assay (fluorescence enhancement caused by the binding). Thus, novel Aβ42-binding peptides with high affinity were provided for the future Alzheimer's disease study. The demonstration of the effectiveness of the systemic in vitro evolution of PLM is very encouraging for the study of identifying novel functional peptides.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; amyloid β; cDNA display; in vitro evolution; peptide aptamer; progressive library method

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2011

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.

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