HRV Signaling in Airway Epithelial Cells Is Regulated by ITAM-Mediated Recruitment and Activation of Syk
Abstract:Human rhinovirus (HRV), cause of the common cold, is a leading cause of exacerbations of asthma and chronic obstruction pulmonary disease (COPD). Binding of HRV to ICAM (intercellular adhesion molecule)-1, its major receptor, induces a profound inflammatory response from airway epithelial cells. My laboratory has identified Syk tyrosine kinase to be an early regulator of HRV-ICAM-1 signalling: Syk mediates replication-independent p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and phosphatidyl-inositol 3 (PI3)-kinase activation, interleukin (IL)-8 expression, as well as HRV internalization via clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Syk activation is accompanied by formation of a protein complex consisting of ICAM-1, ezrin and Syk at the plasma membrane. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate this process are not understood. In this report, we investigated the role of the Syk-SH2 domains and the ezrin-ITAM (immuno-tyrosine activation motif)-like motif in HRV-induced cell activation using the human BEAS-2B airway epithelial cells. Our observations suggest that the ezrin-ITAM plays a role in Syk recruitment and activation by binding to the Syk tandem SH2 domains, as originally described in the canonical ITAM-mediating signal transduction pathway in hematopoietic cells. This report is the first to demonstrate ITAM-mediated signaling in non-hematopoietic cells, suggesting that this signaling paradigm may be more ubiquitous than previously recognized.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2011
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