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Synthesis and Activity of N-Sulfonylamides of Tripeptides as Potential Urokinase Inhibitors

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Twelve peptides of the general X-SO2-D-Ser-Ala-Arg-OH formula (where X = methyl, phenyl, α-tolyl, p-tolyl, 4-methylbenzyl, 1-naphtyl, 2-naphtyl, 4-chlorophenyl, 4-bromophenyl, 2-mesityl, 2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl, 4-acetamidophenyl) were obtained and tested for their effect on the amidolytic activities of urokinase, thrombin, trypsin, plasmin, t-PA and kallikrein. 2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl-SO2-D-Ser-Ala-Arg-OH was the most selective inhibitor of urokinase and α-tolyl-SO2-D-Ser-Ala-Arg-OH was the most active inhibitor of uPA with Ki value 24 μM. The compounds were tested for their in vitro antitumour activity in the following human breast cancer cells: standard MCF-7 and estrogen-independent MDA-MB-231. Four of the synthesized peptides showed cytotoxic effects against MDA-MB-231 cell lines in the range from 2.9 to 8.5 μM. The examined compound did not influence to MCF-7 cancer cells. The synthesized peptides were nontoxic to pig's erythrocytes.

Keywords: Urokinase inhibitor; low molecular peptide

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.

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