Aspartimide (Asi) formation is one of the most serious side reactions that can occur both during solid phase synthesis and storage of peptides containing aspartic acid. Although numerous studies on the mechanism of Asi formation conducted so far, the problem still remains unresolved and relatively little is known about the impact of this side reaction on biological properties of such modified peptides. In the present work we characterized the effect of Asi formation on biological properties of galanin(1-15) analogue modified in position 14 with aspartic acid, investigating its action on rat isolated gastric smooth muscles and glucose-induced insulin secretion from rat isolated islets of Langerhans. Our results show that this side process may adversely affect biological properties of such modified peptides. As we expected, modification of GAL(1-15)NH2 structure changed the interaction of GAL(1-15)NH2 with its receptors and consequently yielded peptide which, in studies on insulin secretion, showed insulinotropic- and antagonistic activities as compared to Asi-free analogue.
Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.