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SPR Imaging Biosensor for Aspartyl Cathepsins: Sensor Development and Application for Biological Material

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A Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging (SPRI) sensor has been developed for highly selective determination of cathepsin D (Cat D) or/and E (Cat E). The sensor contains immobilised pepstatin A, which binds aspartyl proteases from solution. Pepstatin A activated with N-Hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) and N-Ethyl-N'-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) was immobilized on an amine-modified gold surface. Cysteamine was used for modification of the gold surface. Pepstatin A concentration and pH of interaction were optimised. A concentration of pepstatin equal to 0.5 μg mL-1 and a pH of 3.75 were selected as optimal.The sensor's dynamic response range is between 0.25 and 1.0 ng mL-1, and the detection limit is 0.12 ng mL-1. However, the sensor cannot distinguish between Cat D and Cat E. In order to demonstrate the sensor's potential, Cat E was determined in human red blood cells, Cat D in human saliva, as well as total concentration of Cat D and Cat E in human nasal polyps.

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Keywords: Biosensor; Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging; cathepsin D; cathepsin E; pepstatin A

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2010

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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