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In Vitro Studies of the Activity of Newly Sinthesized Nociceptin / Orphanin FQ Receptor Ligand Analogues

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Based on template hexapeptides Ac-Arg-Tyr-Tyr-Arg-Trp-Lys-NH2 and Ac-Arg-Tyr-Tyr-Arg-Ile-Lys-NH2 analogues and corresponding deacylated homologues were synthesized substituting ornithine, diaminobutanoic (Dab) and diaminopropanoic (Dap) acids for lysine at position 6. The aim was to investigate the effect of the newly synthesized compounds on the neurogenic contractions of isolated rat vas deferens. Ac-Arg-Tyr-Tyr-Arg-Trp-Lys-NH2 and its analogues manifested a strong inhibitory effect on the neurogenic contractions without effect on the muscle tone, which is characteristic effect of NOP receptor agonists. In contrast, Ac-Arg-Tyr-Tyr-Arg-Ile-Lys-NH2 and its analogs manifested a strong inhibitory effect on the muscle tone and negligible effect on the neurogenic contractions which is characteristic effect of NOP receptor antagonists. The most active were the peptides in which Dab or Dap is the substitute. The study reveals that substitution of Lys with shorter amino acids could increase agonist or antagonist activity of the peptide.

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Keywords: NOP receptor ligands; neurogenic contraction; rat vas deferens; structure-activity relationship

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-05-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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