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A novel endo-α-L-arabinanase gene (arn2) was isolated, and expressed in E. coli in active form. The recombinant enzyme (ARN2) had optimum activity at pH 6.0 and 45-50oC with stability between pH 5.0-8.0 and at temperatures up to 40oC. The recombinant ARN2 catalyzed internal cleavage of α-1,5 glycosidic bonds of CM-arabinan, debranched arabinan, linear arabinan, and sugar beet (native) arabinan at rates of decreasing order, and was inactive on wheat arabinoxylan and p-nitrophenyl- α-L-arabinofuranoside. Kinetic analysis showed that branching in the arabinan did not significantly affect the apparent Km values, and the difference in the reaction rates was likely due to the chemical step after substrate binding. The enzyme hydrolyzed arabino-oligosaccharides of DP 6 to smaller oligomers and mostly arabinotriose. Natural and modified arabinans were cleaved to oligomers of various chain lengths, which were progressively hydrolyzed to yield arabinotriose. The pattern of degradation revealed an endo-acting mechanism with arabinotriose as the end product.
Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.