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Investigation of Folding of Purified Recombinant GRA1 Protein Using Web Based Protein Disorder Servers and Trypsin Digestion

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The successful folding of a recombinant protein after expression and purification is essential for structural, biochemical and vaccination studies. Toxoplasma gondii recombinant GRA1 protein is a promising vaccine candidate against toxoplasmosis. In the present study, the folding of recombinant GRA1 protein has been evaluated by web based bioinformatics tools that predict protein folding. Subsequently, trypsin digestion, which is a simple indication of proper protein folding, has been used to determine whether recombinant GRA1 protein is likely to be folded. The results indicate that the recombinant GRA1 protein is predicted to be folded by most of the web based bioinformatics predictors. Moreover, in protease digestion experiments, the recombinant GRA1, which was purified to homogeneity without the use of denaturants, gives rise to a discrete band pattern that is indicative of a folded protein. Together, the results suggest that recombinant GRA1 protein is in a folded conformation, suitable for structural, biochemical and vaccination studies.

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Keywords: Toxoplasma gondii; dense granules; recombinant GRA1 protein; trypsin digestion; web based bioinformatics tools

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 July 2009

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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