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Different Regulation Modes of Calcineurin Regulatory Subunit on Its Catalytic Subunit with RII Peptide and Tau as Substrates

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Calcineurin (CN) is a heterodimer of a catalytic subunit, calcineurin A (CNA), and a regulatory subunit (CNB). Here, we find that the mechanism by which CNB regulates CNA depends on the substrate involved. The regulation mechanism involving tau and its truncation segments is distinct from that involving RII peptide, and the efficiencies of CNA to dephosphorylate tau are constant regardless of whether CNB was present or not. The findings shed some light on the role of CNB in controlling phosphorylation of tau in vivo and the pathogenesis of tauopathies such as Alzheimer's Disease.

Keywords: Alzheimer's Disease; Calcineurin A subunit; RII peptide; calcineurin B subunit; dephosphorylation; tau

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2009-02-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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