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Elucidation of Structural Requirements of Mastoparan for Mast Cell Activation- Toward the Comprehensive Prediction of Cryptides Acting on Mast Cells

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Mastoparan, a toxic peptide from wasp venom, induces various biological functions including histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells. Here we report that, for the activation of mast cells by mastoparan, at least two positively charged side chains are required on the hydrophilic side of the amphiphilic structure of the peptide. The present results are expected to be utilized for the bioinformatic and comprehensive identification of endogenous mast cell-stimulating cryptides.

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Keywords: G protein; Mastoparan; exocytosis; lactate dehydrogenase; peritoneal mast cells; β-hexosaminidase

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2008

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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