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Structural and Biochemical Investigation of Heptad Repeat Derived Peptides of Human SARS Corona Virus (hSARS-CoV) Spike Protein+

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hSARS-CoV is the causative agent for SARS infection. Its spike glycoprotein (S) is processed by host furin enzyme to produce S1 and S2 fragments, the latter being crucial for fusion with the host membrane. This takes place via formation of a coiled coil 6-helix bundle involving N and Cterminal heptad repeat domains (HR-N and HR-C) of S2. Several fluorescent and non-fluorescent peptides from these domains were synthesized to examine their interactions by circular dichroism, thermal denaturation, native-page, mass spectrometry and fluorescence spectroscopy studies. Data revealed that HR-C domains (1153-1189), (1153-1172) and (1164-1184) all exhibit potent binding interactions with HR-N892-931 domain. These peptides may find useful therapeutic applications in SARS intervention.

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Keywords: Helical structure; Heptad repeat domains; Host-virus fusion; Proteolysis; Severe acute respiratory syndrome; Spike protein

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-09-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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