Preparation and Characterization of a Novel Recombinant Human Parathyroid Hormone (1-34) Analog (Gly1-Gln26-rhPTH(1-34)) with Enhanced Biological Activity

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A recombinant human parathyroid hormone (rhPTH) fragment (Gly1-Gln26-rhPTH(1-34)) which contains two amino acids substitutions (Gly1 and Gln26) was acquired through Escherichia coli expression system using a soluble fusion protein strategy. The soluble fusion protein MBP-Gly1-Gln26-rhPTH(1-34) was harvested after purification by Phenyl-Sepharose F.F and Q-Sepharose F.F chromatographies. Following tobacco etch virus (TEV) protease cleavage and further purification by SP-Sepharose F.F chromatography, 30.8 mg/L Gly1-Gln26-rhPTH(1-34) without tag was obtained with high purity up to 99%. Cyclic AMP (cAMP) stimulation assay suggested that Gly1-Gln26-rhPTH(1-34) could increase the biological activity by up to 13.89% and 6.34%. After daily subcutaneous injection (for 13 weeks) of 5, 10 and 20 μg of Gly1-Gln26-rhPTH(1-34)/1000g body weight, the mean Bone Material Density (BMD) of ovariectomized (OVXed) rats increased to 7.95-30.54% and 1.98-23.32%, compared to control-vehicle group (OVX, P<0.001) and sham- operated group (SHAM, P<0.01), respectively.

Keywords: BMD; Gly1-Gln26-rhPTH(1-34); cAMP; fusion protein; osteoporosis; purification

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: August 1, 2008

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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