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Efficient Expression of Membrane-Bound Water Channel Protein (Aquaporin Z) in Escherichia coli

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In order to explore the possibility of preparing a high-efficiency aquaporin-based biofilter, an efficient approach for expression of membrane-bound Aquaporin Z (AqpZ) in E. coli was proposed. The AqpZ gene was amplified by means of PCR, and two expression vectors (pET28-AqpZ and pET32-AqpZ) were constructed. The channel protein of interest was synthesized in E. coli BL21(DE3)/pET32-AqpZ as an insoluble fusion protein linked with trxA. However, with BL21(DE3)/pET28-AqpZ, significant amount of AqpZ fused only with 6-His (6-His-AqpZ) could be expressed, correctly folded and targeted into the membrane. Under the optimized culture conditions, the highest expression level (9.05 mg/l) of membrane-bound 6-His-AqpZ was achieved with BL21(DE3)/pET28-AqpZ, and an additional amount (2.35 mg/l) was expressed concomitantly as the inclusion body form. This expression result was 3.5 times higher than that in the previous studies.

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Keywords: Aquaporin Z; Escherichia coli; Membrane-bound expression; Water channel protein

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-07-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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