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A Novel Lectin Isolated from the Hemolymph of the Marine Hair Crab Erimacrus isenbeckii

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A lectin that induces hemagglutination activity in mouse and rabbit erythrocytes has been purified from the hemolymph of the marine hair crab Erimacrus isenbeckii. The results of SDS-PAGE, gel-filtration, affinity and anionexchange chromatography indicate that this lectin, designated EIL (E. isenbeckii lectin), was successfully purified as a single protein, and comprises a mixture of a major (90%) dimeric and a minor (10%) oligomeric protein with a molecular mass of 116 kDa, with covalent linking between two subunits of 62 and 54 kDa. The activity was maximal at pH 5.6-8.0 and at temperatures below 50°C. The N-terminal amino acid sequences were determined, and these differed greatly from those of other reported lectins from invertebrates, vertebrates, or plants. EIL binds with high specificities to both the O-acetylsialic acid and mannose that are present in bacterial pathogens, which suggests that EIL can act as a defense protein against infection in this crab.

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Keywords: Erimacrus isenbeckii; O-acetylsialic acid; crab; hemolymph; lectin; mannose

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-08-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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