A Novel Lectin Isolated from the Hemolymph of the Marine Hair Crab Erimacrus isenbeckii
A lectin that induces hemagglutination activity in mouse and rabbit erythrocytes has been purified from the hemolymph of the marine hair crab Erimacrus isenbeckii. The results of SDS-PAGE, gel-filtration, affinity and anionexchange chromatography indicate that this lectin, designated EIL (E. isenbeckii lectin), was successfully purified as a single protein, and comprises a mixture of a major (90%) dimeric and a minor (10%) oligomeric protein with a molecular mass of 116 kDa, with covalent linking between two subunits of 62 and 54 kDa. The activity was maximal at pH 5.6-8.0 and at temperatures below 50°C. The N-terminal amino acid sequences were determined, and these differed greatly from those of other reported lectins from invertebrates, vertebrates, or plants. EIL binds with high specificities to both the O-acetylsialic acid and mannose that are present in bacterial pathogens, which suggests that EIL can act as a defense protein against infection in this crab.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2007-08-01
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