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Structural Characterization of Eight Cyclic Lipopeptides Produced By Bacillus subtilis HSO121

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Lipopeptides are amphiphilic compounds which contain both hydrophobic fatty acid moieties and amphiphilic peptide moieties. From the cell-free broth of Bacillus subtilis HSO121, eight cyclic lipopeptides were isolated by reversed- phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The peptide part of each lipopeptide was elucidated according to electrospray ionization quadruple-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI Q-TOF MS) and the fatty acid part was analyzed by electroionization gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (EI GC/MS). It showed that fractions 1-8 had molecular masses of 1007, 1021, 1021, 1035, 1035, 1035, 1063, and 1049, respectively. Analysis of hydrolyzed lipopeptides revealed that they had invariant amino acid compositions. The differences in molecular weights represent changes in the number of methylene groups and different types of branched chains in fatty acids. Peptide sequences of two of the eight lipopeptides appeared to be N-Asp-Leu-Leu-Val-Glu-Leu-Leu-C, which was different from previously reported lipopeptides. The remaining six had an identical peptide sequence of N-Glu-Leu-Leu-Val-Asp-Leu-Leu-C. The fatty acid parts were found to be mixtures of iso C12, iso C13, anteiso C13, iso C14, n C14, iso C15, anteiso C15, n C15, anteiso C16 and anteiso C17 β-hydroxy fatty acids. The structure of each lipopeptide was determined to be the β-hydroxy fatty acid bonded to the peptide chain.

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Keywords: Bacillus subtilis; ESI Q-TOF MS; GC/MS; Lipopeptide; structure analysis

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-08-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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