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SAXS Studies of Human Protein HC (α1-Microglobulin)

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Protein HC is a low molecular weight heterogeneous glycoprotein widely distributed in human body fluids and belonging to the lipocalin superfamily. The monomer contains a single (183 amino acid residues long) peptide chain with 3 cysteine residues (2 of which form a disulfide bridge) and is glycosylated. The molecular mass of the glycosylated protein is about 27 kDa.

Native gel electrophoresis results revealed partial oligomerisation of protein HC, which therefore was analysed by gel filtration. Two forms (monomer and dimer) of the protein HC were isolated. The SAXS data were recorded on an X33 camera using synchrotron radiation (λ=0.15 nm) at X33 beamline at the DORIS storage ring of DESY (Hamburg, Germany). Solution scattering results permitted determination of the structural parameters of both forms of the protein studied. The monomer of protein HC is characterised by a radius of gyration RG= 2.20 nm and Dmax=6.3 nm and the dimer by RG=2.99 nm and Dmax=9.5 nm.

Keywords: glycoprotein; protein hc; small angle x-ray scattering; solution scattering; synchrotron radiation

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: May 1, 2007

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.

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