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Expression, Purification, and Antibody Binding Activity of Human Papillomavirus 16 L1 Protein Fused to Maltose Binding Protein

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Genetic human papillomavirus type 16 L1 (HPV16 L1) has been widely studied for cervical cancer vaccine development. For the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) screening of these vaccines, HPV16 L1 protein, which is required as a coating protein, has previously been expressed from costly and laborious recombinant baculovirusinfected insect cells. For a novel HPV16 L1 expression system characterized by a high yield of soluble form with simple purification steps, we have cloned and expressed two different types of HPV16 L1, both fused to maltose binding protein (MBP) or glutathione-S-transferase (GST) in Escherichia coli. The yield of soluble HPV16 L1 was influenced by the cultivation temperature. The yield of soluble form in the total MBP-fused HPV16 L1 protein (MBP-HPV16 L1) was 35% at 37°C, but increased to 85% at 22°C. Among the fusion partners, MBP provided higher yields of total and soluble HPV16 L1 than did GST. MBP-HPV16 L1 showed a 4.9-fold higher yield of the soluble form over insoluble inclusion bodies under optimized culture conditions. The soluble form of MBP-HPV16 L1 was purified via MBP affinity chromatography in a recovery yield of 9.7%. After fusion with MBP, HPV16 L1 showed binding activity to HPV16 L1-specific monoclonal antibody comparable to HPV16 L1 from the insect cells in ELISA tests. These results demonstrate that the use of MBP as a fusion partner may generate a high yield of soluble HPV16 L1 under optimized temperature conditions, and that MBPfused HPV16 L1 might be applied further in evaluations of the immune responses of HPV16 L1-based cervical cancer vaccines.

Keywords: elisa; fusion protein; hpv protein; maltose binding protein; solubilization

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2007-05-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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