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The Ways of Realization of High Specificity and Efficiency of Enteropeptidase

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Abstract:

Comparative substrate analysis of full-length bovine enteropeptidase and trypsin, bovine and human enteropeptidase light chains was performed using model N-terminal dodecapeptides corresponding to wild-type human trypsinogen and pancreatitis-associated mutant trypsinogens K23R and D22G. The substitution of Lys residue by Arg at P1 leads to 2- fold increase in the efficiency of enteropeptidase hydrolysis; the absence of the negatively charged residue at P2 reduces the efficiency of such hydrolysis by two orders of magnitude. The difference in efficiency of peptide chain hydrolysis after Lys/Arg residues by enteropeptidase compared to trypsin is equal to the difference in hydrolysis by serine proteases of different primary specificity of their specific substrates.





Keywords: Enteropeptidase; selectivity; substrate analysis; trypsin; trypsinogen

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/092986607780090793

Affiliations: Shemyakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Publication date: 2007-03-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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