The Ways of Realization of High Specificity and Efficiency of Enteropeptidase
Abstract:Comparative substrate analysis of full-length bovine enteropeptidase and trypsin, bovine and human enteropeptidase light chains was performed using model N-terminal dodecapeptides corresponding to wild-type human trypsinogen and pancreatitis-associated mutant trypsinogens K23R and D22G. The substitution of Lys residue by Arg at P1 leads to 2- fold increase in the efficiency of enteropeptidase hydrolysis; the absence of the negatively charged residue at P2 reduces the efficiency of such hydrolysis by two orders of magnitude. The difference in efficiency of peptide chain hydrolysis after Lys/Arg residues by enteropeptidase compared to trypsin is equal to the difference in hydrolysis by serine proteases of different primary specificity of their specific substrates.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Shemyakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Publication date: 2007-03-01
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