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Spectroscopic Studies of the Effects of Glycation of Human Serum Albumin on L-Trp Binding

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Modification of proteins by nonenzymatic glycation is one of the underlying factors that contribute to the development of the complications of diabetes. Human serum albumin (HSA) is one of the major targets of interaction with glucose through the Maillard reaction. The effects of 1 and 5 mg/ml glucose concentrations, which are consistent with blood glucose levels found in diabetic patients, on human serum albumin were studied by circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy in sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.4. Partial denaturation and changes in the structural integrity of HSA are caused by glycation at lower (1 mg/ml) and higher (5 mg/ml) concentrations of glucose. To study the relationship between structure and function, we investigated the interaction of L-tryptophan (L-Trp) with glycated and nonglycated HSA. The results showed that L-Trp, as the only free amino acid that substantially binds to HSA, has a lower affinity for the glycated form (especially at low concentrations of glucose) than for non-glycated HSA.

Keywords: Conformational change; Glycation; HSA; L-Trp binding

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Publication date: 2007-01-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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