N-Terminal Mutational Analysis of the Interaction Between Growth- Blocking Peptide (GBP) and Receptor of Insect Immune Cells

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GBP, a small insect cytokine isolated from lepidopterans, has a variety of functions. We constructed a series of mutants focusing on the unstructured N-terminal residues of GBP by acetylation, deletion, and elongation in order to investigate the interaction between GBP and its receptor in plasmatocytes. The 1H NMR spectra showed no significant changes in the tertiary structures of these peptides, which indicated that all the mutants maintained their core β-sheet structures. The deletion and acetylated mutants, 2-25GBP, Ac2-25GBP, and AcGBP, lost their activity. 2-25GBP was the strongest antagonist, while Ac2-25GBP and AcGBP were moderate. In contrast, the elongated mutants, (-1R)GBP, (- 1A)GBP, and (-2G,-1R)GBP maintained their plasmatocyte-spreading activity. These results demonstrate the importance of the GBP N-terminal charged amine and length of N-terminal GBP-peptide backbone for plasmatocyte-spreading activity. Next, we analyzed other mutant peptides, 1-25(N2A)GBP and 2-25(N2A)GBP, focusing on Asn2. Surprisingly, 2- 25(N2A)GBP had slight plasmatocyte-spreading activity, whereas 2-25GBP lost its activity. Finally, substituted mutant, F3AGBP, had neither plasmatocyte-spreading activity nor antagonistic activity. These results demonstrate the function of each N-terminal residue in the interaction between GBP and its receptor in plasmatocytes.

Keywords: Antagonist; EGF; GBP; Growth-blocking peptide; Insect cytokine; NMR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986606777841172

Affiliations: Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan.

Publication date: August 1, 2006

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.



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