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A Simple Search of TM Segments in Polytopic Membrane Protein Using Matrix - Assisted Laser DesorptionIonization Time - of - Flight Mass Spectrometry

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Using both high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and amino acid sequencing (AAS), we previously analyzed band 3 TM peptide-segments that make up the transmembrane protein structure. However, the HPLC/AAS combination method was highly time-consuming. Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry is used to obtain accurate molecular weight information for proteins/peptides simply and sensitively. We applied the MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry technique to search for TM segments in membrane proteins. In combination with trypsin cleavages after alkali treatments (pH12 or 13) and sample preparation using organic solvents for MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, we determined the TM segments of band 3 and glycophorin A in erythrocyte membrane. The method can be applied to other polytopic membrane proteins in erythrocyte membrane.

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Keywords: MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry; Polytopic membrane protein; Transmembrane

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Immunology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.

Publication date: 2006-08-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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