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Structural Basis for the Inactivation of AdoMetDC K12R Mutant

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S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDC) is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of the polyamines spermidine and spermine. Polyamines are ubiquitous organic cations that are absolutely required for normal cell proliferation and differentiation. AdoMetDC catalyzes decarboxylation of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) which provides aminopropyl groups for spermidine and spermine synthesis. Mammalian AdoMetDC is produced as a proenzyme (38 kDa) which is cleaved to form the α (30.7 kDa) and β (7.7 kDa) subunits of the mature enzyme. It is here shown that the catalytic activity of the enzyme was completely eliminated when lysine 12 was mutated to an arginine residue in the small subunit; however, the proenzyme processing was not affected. On the other hand, mutations of other lysine residues (Lys45→Arg and Lys56→Arg) did not affect either the enzyme activity or the proenzyme processing. Structure analysis using Swiss Deep Viewer v3.7 has indicated that Arg in place of Lys12 may eliminate AdoMetDC activity by restricting the mobility of Thr85 through hydrogen bonding. Sequence alignment of various AdoMetDC sequences indicated that Thr85 is in a highly conserved region, suggesting that Thr85 is critical for the decarboxylation reaction.

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Keywords: S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase; catalytic activity; mutagenesis; sequence alignment; structure analysis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Dumlupinar University, Art and Science Faculty, Department of Biology, K├╝tahya, 43100 Turkey.

Publication date: 2006-03-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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