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Ca2+ Binding Effects on the C2 Domain Conformation of Human Cytosolic Phospholipase A2

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It has been reported that the cooperative binding of calcium ions indicated a local conformational change of the human cytosolic phospholipase A 2 (cPLA2) C2 domain (Nalefski et al., (1997) Biochemistry 36, 12011-12018). However its structural evidence is less known (Malmberg et al., (2003) Biochemistry 42, 13227-13240). In this letter, life-time decay and fluorescence quenching techniques were employed to compare the calcium-induced conformational changes. The life-time decay parameters and fluorescence quenching constant changes were small between the apo- and holo-C2 domains when tryptophan residue was excited at 295 nm. In contrast, the quenching constant change was large, from 0.52 M-1 for the apo-C2 to 8.8 M-1 for the holo-C2 domain, when tyrosine residues were excited at 284 nm. Our results provide new information on amino acid side chain orientation change at calcium binding loop 3, which is necessary for Ca2+ binding regulated membrane targeting of human cytosolic phospholipase A2.

Keywords: C2 domain; Conformational change; Cytosolic phospholipase A2; Fluorescence quench; Time-resolved fluorescence decay

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100101, China.

Publication date: January 1, 2006

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.

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