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The Renaturation of Procarboxypeptidase B by Urea Gradient Gel Filtration and Some Properties of Recombinant Carboxypeptidase B

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A new pro-carboxypeptidase (pCPB) gene was cloned by RT-PCR from SD rat pancreas and its overexpression in Escherichia coli resulted in the formation of inclusion bodies (IBs). The IBs of pCPB were solubilized in 8 M urea and successively refolded by urea gradient gel filtration. Subsequently, the renatured pCPB was digested by trypsin. Recombinant active CPB was obtained by passing through DEAE-FF ion exchange and Sephadex-G100 chromatographic column. Capillary electrophoresis assay showed that the purity of the recombinant CPB (rCPB) exceeded 90%. Further, some properties of rCPB were characterized. The optimum of activity was achieved at pH 7-9. The activity of rCPB was inhibited by typical metal chelating agents (EDTA) and Hg2+, and was activated by Co2+ and heat treatment at 40°C. The two-dimension electrophoresis map of rCPB showed that the pI value of rCPB was 5.35. UV absorbance spectrum of the enzyme showed that an absorbance maximum was at 277 nm.
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Keywords: dilution refolding; procarboxypeptidase b; properties; recombinant carboxypeptidase b; urea gradient gel filtration renaturation

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200237, China;

Publication date: 2005-10-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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