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Purification and Properties of β-Alanine Synthase from Calf Liver

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β-Alanine synthase (EC 3.5.1.6) catalyzes the conversion of N-carbamyl-β-alanine to β-alanine, ammonia and CO2. The enzyme has been purified to apparent homogeneity from calf liver. The molecular size, pH optimum and substrate specificity have been determined. Sequence alignment of β-alanine synthases with N-carbamyl-D-amino acid amidohydrolase from Agrobacter sp. revealed the conservation of a catalytically important triad Glu-Lys-Cys, most likely involved in the breakdown of N-carbamyl-β-alanine.
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Keywords: balanine; balanine synthases; neurotransmitter; pyrimidine degradation

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Oklahoma, 620 Parrington Oval, Norman, OK 73019, U.S.A.

Publication date: 2005-01-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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