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Endothelin Converting Enzyme-2: A Processing Enzyme Involved in the Generation of Novel Neuropeptides

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Members of several metalloprotease families have been proposed to be involved in non-classical processing of neuroendocrine precursors. Among them, endothelin converting enzyme-2 (ECE-2) is a good candidate since it exhibits a neuroendocrine distribution, intracellular subcellular localization, and an acidic pH optimum. The enzyme is able to generate a number of biologically active peptides from peptide intermediates, suggesting an important role for this enzyme in the biosynthesis of regulatory peptides. These results are consistent with an important role for ECE-2 in the processing of regulatory peptides at non-classical sites.

Keywords: neuropeptides; opioid peptides; peptide hormones; peptide neurotransmitters; processing enzymes; prohormone convertase; saas peptides

Document Type: Review Article


Affiliations: Department of Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY, 10029.

Publication date: October 1, 2004

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.

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