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Seed Lectin from Pisum Arvense: Isolation, Biochemical Characterization and Amino Acid Sequence

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A glucose / mannose lectin was purified by affinity chromatography from Pisum arvense seeds (PAL) and the 50 kDa molecular mass in solution determined by size exclusion chromatography. SDS-PAGE and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry showed two distinct polypeptide chains: α (Mr. 5,591 Da) and β (19,986 Da). The lectin was extensively characterized in terms of its biochemical and biological aspects. The amino acid sequence was established by Edman degradation of overlapping peptides. PAL in solution behaves as a dimer and has its monomeric structure formed by two distinct polypeptide chains named alpha (Mr. 5,591 Da) and beta (19,986 Da) by Electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry. PAL possesses identical amino acid sequences to that of pea seed lectin but undoubtedly does not exhibit sequence heterogeneity. It is discussed that P. arvense should be considered as a synonym of P. sativum. Furthermore, like pea lectin, PAL discriminates biantennary fucosylated glycan, determined by surface plasmon resonance.

Keywords: amino acid sequence; lectin; leguminosae; pisum arvense; pisum sativum; spr

Document Type: Review Article


Affiliations: Departamento de Bioquimica e Biologia Molecular Departamento de Farmacia, Departamento de Biologia. Universidade Federal do Ceara, Campus do Pici, Caixa Postal 6033, Fortaleza-Cear. CEP 60451-970.

Publication date: December 1, 2003

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.

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