Catalyzed Light Hydride Nanomaterials Embedded in a Micro-Channels Hydrogen Storage Container
Authors: Dehouche, Zahir; Peretti, Hernan A.; Yoo, Yeong; Belkacemi, Khaled; Goyette, Jacques
Source: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology, Volume 3, Number 2, June 2009 , pp. 116-134(19)
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
Abstract:Activated alloys synthesized by arc-melting were examined as catalysts for improving the hydrogen sorption characteristics of nanostructured magnesium hydride, proposed as a reversible hydrogen storage material. The MgH2- catalyst absorbing materials were prepared by ball milling of pure MgH2 with hydrided Zr47Ni53, Zr9Ni11, and other alloys investigated. The nanostructured MgH2-intermetallic systems were tested at 250°C and catalyst addition of eutectoid Zr47Ni53 resulted in the fastest desorption time and highest initial desorption rate. The catalyzed Mg-hydride with activated Zr9Ni11 and Zr7Ni10 phases showed fast desorption kinetics. Moreover, the results demonstrated that the composition of dispersed ZrxNiy catalysts has a strong influence on the amount of accumulated hydrogen and desorption rate of Mg-nanocomposite.
Part two covers advanced micro-channels hydrogen storage module design based on the results of semi-empirical computer simulations of heat and mass transfers in the container. The micro-channels reservoir concept offers many advantages over the conventional metal hydride hydrogen storage system. It is a micro-structured system that can pack a lot of power into a small space and dissipate effectively the heat of the sorption reactions. This review summarize recent patents related to CNTS.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2009
- Recent Patents on Nanotechnology publishes review articles by experts on recent patents on nanotechnology. A selection of important and recent patents on nanotechnology is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in nanotechnology.