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Porous Silicon: A Resourceful Material for Nanotechnology

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Abstract:

Nanostructured materials possess better tunability of their properties by varying their crystallite size compared to their bulk counterparts. These properties have opened up new avenues for fabricating highly sensitive, miniaturized and cost effective devices. Some of the drawbacks of these materials can be overcome by band gap engineering and/or making composites or core shell structures. Porous silicon obtained by electrochemical etching of polished silicon is a versatile material for nanotechnology applications due to its tunable pore size, porosity, thermal and mechanical properties, optical and electrical properties, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and most importantly, compatibility with microelectronics. This article gives an overall view of the various applications of porous silicon in nanotechnology.





Keywords: Biocompatibility; biodegradability; biomaterials; biosensor applications; chemical sensor applications; drug delivery; nanostructured materials; nanotechnology applications; optoelectronic applications; physical sensor applications

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/187221008784534514

Publication date: June 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Recent Patents on Nanotechnology publishes review articles by experts on recent patents on nanotechnology. A selection of important and recent patents on nanotechnology is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in nanotechnology.
ben/nanotec/2008/00000002/00000002/art00005
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