Skip to main content

Nucleoside Analog Inhibitors of Hepatitis C Virus Replication

Buy Article:

$55.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Of the 30 compounds currently marketed in the United States for treatment of viral infections, 15 are nucleoside analogs, demonstrating the utility of this class of compound as a source of antiviral drugs. The success of nucleoside analogs in treating other viral infections provides a compelling rationale for the significant effort that is currently being devoted to the discovery and development of nucleoside analogs to treat infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV) that may lead to improvements in response rates compared to currently available therapies. Several different approaches have been adopted to identify promising analogs, including the use of surrogate viruses in cell culture assays, screening in the cell-based bicistronic HCV replicon assay, and screening nucleoside triphosphates for the ability to inhibit the activity of the HCV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase in vitro. Several classes of ribonucleoside analogs with modifications of the ribose inhibit HCV replication. Nucleoside analogs incorporating a 2'-C-methyl modification are potent inhibitors in the replicon assay in the absence of cytotoxicity, and appear to exert their inhibition by acting as functional chain terminators of RNA synthesis. NM283, a prodrug of 2'-C-methylcytidine, has entered clinical trials and demonstrated viral load reductions in subjects infected with genotype 1 HCV, a genotype known to be difficult to treat effectively with currently approved therapies. Overall, results to date offer encouragement that improved therapies to treat HCV infection including newly developed nucleoside analogs may become available within the next few years.

No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Nucleoside analog; RNA polymerase; chain terminator; replicon; structure-activity relationships

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: WP26A-3000, Merck Research Laboratories, West Point, PA 19486.

Publication date: 2006-03-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more