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NF-κ B and Rheumatic Diseases

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NF-κB is an inducible transcription factor that is controlled by the signal activation cascades. NF-κB controls a number of genes involved in immuno-inflammatory responses, cell cycle progression, inhibition of apoptosis, and cell adhesion, thus promoting chronic inflammatory responses. In fact, NF-κB is constitutively activated in some rheumatic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Interestingly, a number of anti-RA compounds have been shown to exhibit anti-NF-κB activities. In addition, NF-κB activation has been linked to carcinogenesis and its constitutive activation has been demonstrated in some cancers and leukemias. These findings have substantiated the long-standing proposal of the link among chronic inflammation, autoimmunity, and carcinogenesis by molecular terms. In this review, I have attempted to overview the pathologic involvement of NF-κB in rheumatic diseases and discuss the feasibility of a therapeutic strategy with NF-κB and its signaling cascade as novel molecular targets.

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Keywords: IKK; NF-κ B; apoptosis; autoimmunity; inflammation; inhibitors; rheumatoid arthritis; signal transduction; systemic lupus erythematosus; transcription

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 467-8601, Japan.

Publication date: 2006-12-01

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  • This journal is devoted to timely reviews of experimental and clinical studies in the field of endocrine, metabolic, and immune disorders. Specific emphasis is placed on humoral and cellular targets for natural, synthetic, and genetically engineered drugs that enhance or impair endocrine, metabolic, and immune parameters and functions. Topics related to the neuroendocrine-immune axis are given special emphasis in view of the growing interest in stress-related, inflammatory, autoimmune, and degenerative disorders.
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