Recent Advances and Novel Applications in Microbial Diversity Estimation Based on DNA Analysis Methods
Abstract:This review focuses on recent patents on the exploration and quantification of microbial diversity. Only the patents based on DNA analysis techniques are considered. In general terms, the analysis of environmental samples can be investigated by using three main approaches: microarrays based technologies, genomes/metagenomes comparison and amplification and detection of operative taxonomic units. All patents can relate to the estimation of the microbial diversity, however, many of them were initially designed to detect important medical or agronomic microorganisms. Here, we briefly review recent technological achievements for DNA analysis that offer great potentials for the identification of species.
Keywords: DNA microarray; DNA-Based Technologies; Genebank database; autonomous organisms; biological polymers; ecosystems; environmental samples; fingerprinting; genomic material; mapping biological macromolecules; metagenomic; microbial diversity; microbial species; molecular detection; polymorphism
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 2011
- Recent Patents on DNA and Gene Sequences publishes review articles by experts on recent patents on DNA and gene sequences. A selection of important and recent patents in the field is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in applied molecular biology.