Skip to main content

Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors from Poxviruses with An Emphasis on Tanapoxvirus-2L Protein

Buy Article:

$113.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Viruses have evolved strategies to counteract host defenses. Some tactics employ viral proteins to neutralize host immune effector proteins such as cytokines, chemokines and their receptors, which help coordinate the host responses against the virus. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is one of the crucial pro-inflammatory/anti-viral cytokines involved in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Poxvirus anti-immune proteins represent some of the most complex and efficient mechanisms of regulating TNF and its pathological effects. These proteins have considerable potential for treating TNF-related diseases. Here we discuss two major classes of poxvirus-TNF inhibitors focusing on the tanapoxvirus (TPV)-2L protein, previously called TPV-gp38. TPV-2L has been shown to interact and biologically neutralize human (h)TNF, and has been indirectly associated with the inhibition of other cytokines (hIFN-γ, hIL-2 and hIL-5). The TPV-2L protein alone has been expressed, purified and shown to bind with high affinity to hTNF, but lacked binding to the other cytokines. Further studies identified sequential binding of hβ2-microglobulin and hα2-macroglobulin to TPV-2L. The ability of a single viral protein to form multi-protein complexes suggests that TPV might also possess other novel strategies of evading the immune system. Reviewed here are patented poxvirus TNF-binding proteins and their genes to evaluate their potential therapeutic value.





Keywords: 2-MICROGLOBULIN; ALPHA2-MACROGLOBULIN; CD153 binding; Human TNFR; TGF- 1; Tumor necrosis factor; VIRAL CD30 PROTEIN; chemokines; cytokines; immune evasion; inflammation; poxvirus; viral gene; viroceptors

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/187221511796392033

Publication date: 2011-08-01

More about this publication?
  • Recent Patents on DNA and Gene Sequences publishes review articles by experts on recent patents on DNA and gene sequences. A selection of important and recent patents in the field is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in applied molecular biology.
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more