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MicroRNAs Patents: The Road From Bench to Bedsides for Cancer Treatment

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MicroRNAs are a class of non-coding small RNAs, which posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression through mainly binding to 3' untranslated region of mRNA. Most microRNAs are evolutionally conserved cross species; whereas, novel microRNAs expressed in different organisms are also identified with next generation sequencing technology. MicroRNAs play crucial roles in development, stem cells self-renewal, apoptosis and cell cycle. Aberrant microRNA expression in cancer and other diseases has been extensively investigated; the specific microRNAs have been developed for cancer diagnosis, prediction of drug-response and therapeutic outcome. Given the roles of microRNAs in pathophysiological conditions, it is conceivable that development of “miR-drugs” with different strategies (miR mimics, anti-miR, small molecule inhibitors of specific miRs) provides great hope to fight against cancer in combination of conventional treatment. In this review, the course of microRNA research to understand cancer biology is briefly introduced, the translation of miRNA studies from bench to bedside, particularly, microRNA implication in cancer with patents for diagnosis, prognosis will be described; the current status and challenges of “miR-drugs” development will be discussed.

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Keywords: ANP32A/ SMARCA4; Bench to Bedsides; Caenorhabditis elegan; MTg-AMO; MiR-21; MicroRNAs Patents; gene expression; hematopoietic malignancy; lymphocytic leukemia; miR-drugs; miRNome; microRNA; patents; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; solid tumors; treatment

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-08-01

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  • Recent Patents on DNA and Gene Sequences publishes review articles by experts on recent patents on DNA and gene sequences. A selection of important and recent patents in the field is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in applied molecular biology.
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