Recent Advances in Oral Pulsatile Drug Delivery

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Abstract:

Pulsatile drug delivery aims to release drugs on a programmed pattern i.e.: at appropriate time and/or at appropriate site of action. Currently, it is gaining increasing attention as it offers a more sophisticated approach to the traditional sustained drug delivery i.e: a constant amount of drug released per unit time or constant blood levels.

Technically, pulsatile drug delivery systems administered via the oral route could be divided into two distinct types, the time controlled delivery systems and the site-specific delivery systems. The simplest pulsatile formulation is a two layer press coated tablet consisted of polymers with different dissolution rates. Homogenicity of the coated barrier is mandatory in order to assure the predictability of the lag time. The disadvantage of such formulation is that the rupture time cannot be always adequately manipulated as it is strongly correlated with the physicochemical properties of the polymer. Gastric retentive systems, systems where the drug is released following a programmed lag phase, chronopharmaceutical drug delivery systems matching human circadian rhythms, multiunit or multilayer systems with various combinations of immediate and sustained-release preparation, are all classified under pulsatile drug delivery systems. On the other hand, site-controlled release is usually controlled by factors such as the pH of the target site, the enzymes present in the intestinal tract and the transit time/pressure of various parts of the intestine. In this review, recent patents on pulsatile drug delivery of oral dosage forms are summarized and discussed.



Keywords: Pulsatile release; chronotherapeutics; pH target release; time controlled systems

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/187221109787158337

Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Recent Patents on Drug Delivery and Formulation publishes review articles by experts on recent patents on drug delivery and formulation. A selection of important and recent patents on drug delivery and formulation is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in the fields of drug delivery and formulation.
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