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Confomational Analysis of Soluble Oligomers of GFP Tagged Prion Protein By Fluorescence Fluctuation Spectroscopy

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The conversion of prion protein (PrP) from the monomeric cellular isoform to the oligomeric pathological isoform is a crucial event in the pathogenesis of prion diseases. To investigate oligomer formation of PrP, enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-tagged PrP (EGFP-PrP) without the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor was prepared and the oligomerization of EGFP-PrP induced by sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) was monitored by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). The FCS analysis indicated that soluble oligomers were formed at 0.011% SDS. Furthermore, the combination of fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS) and a panel of anti-PrP monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) revealed the conformational changes in PrP. Our studies provide a method to analyze conformational changes of proteins in solution.

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Keywords: Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy; antibody; conformational change; epitope mapping; fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy; prion protein; soluble oligomer

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-01-01

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  • Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology. Each issue of the journal contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics in both pre-clinical and clinical areas of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology. Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology is an essential journal for academic, clinical, government and pharmaceutical scientists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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