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Gold and Silver Catalysts for Liquid Phase n-Octanol Oxidation: Effect of Promoters

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Background: In comparison with these platinum group metal catalysts, supported nano gold catalysts have emerged as a new type of catalysts highly active at low temperature and selective for the aerobic oxidation of alcohols. But catalytic data and detailed characterizations of the Au-Ag bimetal catalytic system are not available up to date.

Objective: This work is aimed to develop bimetallic AuAg-based heterogeneous catalysts for liquid phase selective oxidation of n-octanol. Modification of the titania support with transition metal additives were used as tools for transforming active species.

Method: Catalytic tests in n-octanol liquid-phase oxidation at 80 °C. Catalyst characterization by Transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, EXAFS and UV-visible spectroscopy.

Results and Conclusion: Bimetallic AuAg catalysts supported on titania are moderately active for liquid phase selective oxidation of n-octanol. Formation of Au-Ag alloy was observed. Their activity may be increased by modification of the support with donor additives (La, Mg), while acceptor additives (Ce, Fe) decreased it. The addition of La, that inhibits the formation of Au-Ag alloy, provides the highest activity and the highest stability of reaction rate with run time in either as prepared and red-ox treated forms, which implies that it stabilizes the active centers in its optimal electronic state.
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Keywords: Au-Ag bimetal catalysts; n-Octanol oxidation; redox treatment; support modification

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 May 2017

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  • Current Organic Synthesis publishes in-depth reviews on all areas of synthetic organic chemistry i.e. asymmetric synthesis, organometallic chemistry, novel synthetic approaches to complex organic molecules, carbohydrates, polymers, protein chemistry, DNA chemistry, supramolecular chemistry, molecular recognition and new synthetic methods in organic chemistry. The frontier reviews provide the current state of knowledge in these fields and are written by experts who are internationally known for their eminent research contributions. The journal is essential reading to all synthetic organic chemists. Current Organic Synthesis should prove to be of great interest to synthetic chemists in academia and industry who wish to keep abreast with recent developments in key fields of organic synthesis.
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