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Seizures and Sodium Hydrogen Exchangers: Potential of Sodium Hydrogen Exchanger Inhibitors as Novel Anticonvulsants

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Advances in the understanding of mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of epilepsy have led to the identification of sodium hydrogen exchanger (NHE) as one of the possible targets for future antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). There are indicators from several experimental studies that NHE inhibitors could be of significant value as potential anticonvulsants. Various in-vitro reports (brain slices) have suggested anticonvulsant potential of these agents. Recently we provided the in-vivo data on anticonvulsant efficacy of amiloride (an NHE inhibitor) in different animal models of seizure and epilepsy. In addition to blocking NHE, these agents are known to affect other traditional targets like voltage-gated Na+ channels, Ca2+ channels, glutamate concentration, etc. Thus NHE inhibitors may represent a novel class of AEDs and surely deserve more scientific attention. In this review, we focus on the role of NHE in epilepsy and provide the experimental evidence available so far on the effect of NHE inhibitors in various animal models.

Keywords: Sodium hydrogen exchanger; amiloride; anticonvulsant; seizures

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2008-10-01

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  • CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments on the medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genomics and biochemistry of contemporary molecular targets involved in neurological and central nervous system (CNS) disorders e.g. disease specific proteins, receptors, enzymes, genes. Each issue of the journal will contain a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics on drug targets involved in neurological and CNS disorders. As the discovery, identification, characterization and validation of novel human drug targets for neurological and CNS drug discovery continues to grow; this journal will be essential reading for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug discovery and development.
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