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Selective Deposition of Electrospun Alginate-Based Nanofibers onto Cell-Repelling Hydrogel Surfaces for Cell-Based Microarrays

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Abstract:

This paper proposes selective deposition of electrospun alginate-based nanofibers through a charged shadow mask to form an array of nonwoven microspots on cell-repelling hydrogel surfaces; subsequently, the target cells are seeded onto these nanofiber-based extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds to create cell-based microarrays. The needle tip contains a drop of a blended solution of alginate and polyethylene oxide (PEO); an Al-coated glass shadow mask with micron-sized holes was used for selective deposition to form the patterned microspots of nonwoven mats. The shadow mask was applied with a suitable voltage to repel the nanofibers from its surface, while simultaneously forcing them into the micron-sized holes and onto the cell-repelling hydrogel surface. The electric-field distribution of the electrostatic focusing through the charged shadow masks was numerically simulated and characterized. The experimental results show that when the shadow mask is applied with a higher voltage, a larger dense central spot will be produced within the hole; in addition, the diameter is significantly reduced but the degree of diameter uniformity among the electrospun nanofibers improves. An array of 3 × 3 nonwoven microspots was successfully demonstrated to selectively deposit alginate-based nanofibers for cell patterning. BHK-21 fibroblast cells were shown to selectively adhere onto the nonwoven microspot surfaces due to the existence of the cell-repelling hydrogel around the microspots. The presented technique is simple and does not require complex surface modifications to selectively seed the target cells onto these micron-sized nanofiber-based ECM scaffolds for potential applications in cell biology and tissue engineering.





Keywords: Electrospinning; cell patterning; cell-repelling; electrostatic focusing; nanofiber; nonwoven microspots; shadow mask

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157341311794653703

Publication date: April 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Current Nanoscience publishes authoritative reviews and original research reports, written by experts in the field on all the most recent advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology. All aspects of the field are represented including nano- structures, synthesis, properties, assembly and devices. Applications of nanoscience in biotechnology, medicine, pharmaceuticals, physics, material science and electronics are also covered. The journal is essential to all involved in nanoscience and its applied areas.
ben/cnano/2011/00000007/00000002/art00017
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