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Low-Dimensional Carrier Statistics in Nanostructures

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The carrier statistics in a low-dimensional nanostructure with length in one or more of the three dimensions plummeting below carrier's De Broglie wavelength is investigated. The probability distribution, the Fermi level, intrinsic velocity, and energy of the carriers are sternly affected on reducing dimensionality from 3-dimensional (3-D) bulk configuration. The carrier statistics for degenerate and non-degenerate regimes for nanostructures is worked out with an emphasis to predict the ultimate carrier velocity in a high electric field. The general results presented are applicable to all materials once the carrier concentration and ambient temperature are identified.

Keywords: 2D nanosheet; Fermi energy; ID nanowire; Nanoelectronic transport; Nanotechnology; intrinsic velocity; low-dimensional nanostructure; quantum emission; saturation velocity

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: April 1, 2011

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  • Current Nanoscience publishes authoritative reviews and original research reports, written by experts in the field on all the most recent advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology. All aspects of the field are represented including nano- structures, synthesis, properties, assembly and devices. Applications of nanoscience in biotechnology, medicine, pharmaceuticals, physics, material science and electronics are also covered. The journal is essential to all involved in nanoscience and its applied areas.

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