Transdermal and Topical Delivery of Anti-inflammatory Agents Using Nanoemulsion/Microemulsion: An Updated Review

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Abstract:

Nanoemulsions/microemulsions are thermodynamically stable transparent (translucent) isotropic dispersions of oil and water stabilized by an interfacial film of surfactant and cosurfactant molecules having the droplet size of less than 100 nm. Because of their thermodynamic stability, they can be manufactured without utilizing high input of energy. In an attempt to enhance transdermal/topical drug delivery of anti-inflammatory agents (AIs), nanoemulsions/microemulsions have been more frequently employed over the recent years. Nanoemulsions/microemulsions have been shown to be superior for transdermal/topical delivery of particularly lipophilic compounds as compared to conventional vehicles such as emulsions, suspensions, gels and liposomes. Nanoemulsions/microemulsions exhibit excellent solubility properties. These vehicles also act as transdermal permeation enhancers without utilizing additional permeation enhancers. In this review transdermal and topical delivery of AIs both in vitro as well as in vivo has been summarized and reviewed.





Keywords: Nanoemulsions; anti-inflammatory agents; microemulsions; transdermal delivery

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157341310790945740

Publication date: April 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Current Nanoscience publishes authoritative reviews and original research reports, written by experts in the field on all the most recent advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology. All aspects of the field are represented including nano- structures, synthesis, properties, assembly and devices. Applications of nanoscience in biotechnology, medicine, pharmaceuticals, physics, material science and electronics are also covered. The journal is essential to all involved in nanoscience and its applied areas.
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