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Toward Atom-by-Atom Assembly of Compound Semiconductor Nanostructures: Mechanical Atomic Discrimination and Atomic Manipulation at Room Temperature

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Abstract:

An atomic force microscope (AFM) under noncontact and nearcontact regions operated at room-temperature (RT) in ultrahigh vacuum, is used as a tool for topography-based atomic discrimination and lateral atomic manipulations of two intermixed atomic species on semiconductor surfaces. Noncontact AFM topography can give height difference between two intermixed atomic species. Therefore, noncontact AFM topography is a kind of atom selective image and hence can serve for atomic discrimination in simple cases. Besides, site-specific force curves provide the chemical covalent bonding forces between the tip apex and the atoms at the surface. Here, we introduced both examples related to topography-based atomic discrimination using selected Sn and Si adatoms in Sn/Si(111)-(√3×√3) surface. Recently, under nearcontact region, we found a lateral atom-interchange manipulation phenomenon at RT in Sn/Ge(111)-c(2×8) intermixed sample. This phenomenon can interchange an embedded Sn atom with a neighbor Ge atom at RT. Using the vector scan method under nearcontact region, we constructed “Atom Inlay”, that is, atom letters “Sn” consisted of 19 Sn atoms embedded in Ge(111)-c(2×8) substrate. Using these methods, now we can assemble compound semiconductor nanostructures atom-by-atom.





Keywords: Atom-by-atom assembly; Atom-interchange manipulation; Atomic discrimination; Atomic force microscopy; Lateral atom manipulation; Site-specific force spectroscopy

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-Oka, Suita, 565-0871 Japan.

Publication date: February 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Current Nanoscience publishes authoritative reviews and original research reports, written by experts in the field on all the most recent advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology. All aspects of the field are represented including nano- structures, synthesis, properties, assembly and devices. Applications of nanoscience in biotechnology, medicine, pharmaceuticals, physics, material science and electronics are also covered. The journal is essential to all involved in nanoscience and its applied areas.
ben/cnano/2007/00000003/00000001/art00004
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