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Chemokines in Cardiovascular Remodeling: Clinical and Therapeutic Implications

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Abstract:



Chemokines are newly discovered molecules that mediate the migration of leukocytes into inflammed tissues and control the inflammatory reactions in various immune-mediated diseases. Both in animal models and in human specimens, chemokine expression is associated with atherosclerotic lesion development and vascular remodeling and restenosis after angioplasty. Furthermore, recent studies have demonstrated that chemokines play an important role in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes, post-infarction left ventricular remodeling and chronic heart failure. The capacity to control activation and movement of inflammatory cells suggests that chemokines and their receptors might provide novel targets for therapeutic intervention in a number of conditions characterized by chronic inflammation, including cardiovascular diseases. The present review summarizes current knowledge regarding the potential pathogenic role of chemokines in major cardiovascular disorders, as well as the modulation of the chemokine network as a novel, interesting therapeutic modality in this field.





Keywords: Chemokines; angioplasty; cardiovascular; chemokine network

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/1566524033361546

Publication date: 2003-03-01

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  • Current Molecular Medicine is an interdisciplinary journal focused on providing the readership with current and comprehensive reviews on fundamental molecular mechanisms of disease pathogenesis, the development of molecular-diagnosis and/or novel approaches to rational treatment. The reviews should be of significant interest to basic researchers and clinical investigators in molecular medicine. Periodically the journal will invite guest editors to devote an issue on a basic research area that shows promise to advance our understanding of the molecular mechanism(s) of a disease or has potential for clinical applications.
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