Influence of Impaired Liver Methionine Metabolism on the Development of Vascular Disease and Inflammation

Your trusted access to this article has expired.

$63.10 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Methionine (Met) metabolism involves the sequential formation of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM, the main biological methyl donor), S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) and homocysteine (Hcy). Hcy can be remethylated to Met or catabolized through the trans-sulfuration pathway. In mammals, as much as 48% of Met metabolism and up to 85% of all transmethylation reactions occur in the liver. These figures underscore the central role played by this organ in Met metabolism. Maintaining the homeostasis of this metabolic cycle has proved to be essential for the preservation of liver function up to the point of preventing its neoplastic transformation. However, an adequate hepatic metabolism of Met is not only important for the liver parenchymal cell. Evidence has accumulated over the past few years supporting the involvement of Met-derived metabolites in the triggering or attenuation of pathological processes with systemic implications. This is best illustrated by the fact that a deteriorated liver function has emerged as a major factor in the development of hyperhomocysteinemia. Elevated plasma levels of Hcy have been related to several disorders including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. On the other end, liver damage also leads to deficient SAM synthesis. Among the consequences of impaired SAM synthesis in liver tissue are the enhanced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators. In this review, we will address the mechanisms and consequences of abnormal Met metabolism in liver injury, the systemic implications of such impairment and finally the potential therapeutic interventions.

Keywords: cirrhosis; homocysteine; inflammation; liver; methionine; methylation; s-adenosylhomocysteine; s-adenosylmethionine

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1568016054368197

Affiliations: Division of Hepatology and Gene Therapy, CIMA University of Navarra, Avda. Pío XII. N55. 31008 Pamplona, Spain.

Publication date: July 1, 2005

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more