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Mimicking Microvascular Alterations of Human Diabetic Retinopathy: A Challenge for the Mouse Models

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Although it has become acceptable that neuroretinal cells are also affected in diabetes, vascular lesions continue to be considered as the hallmarks of diabetic retinopathy. Animal models are essential for the understanding and treatment of human diabetic retinopathy, and the mouse is intensively used as a model because of its similarity to human and the possibility to be genetically modified. However, until today not all retinal vascular lesions developed in diabetic patients have been reproduced in diabetic mice, and the reasons for this are not completely understood. In this review, we will summarize retinal vascular lesions found in diabetic and diabetic-like mouse models and its comparison to human lesions. The goal is to provide insights to better understand human and mice differences and thus, to facilitate the development of new mouse models that mimic better human diabetic retinopathy.

Keywords: Diabetes; microvascular complication; mouse model; retinopathy

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2013

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

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