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Benzofuran-Based Estrogen Receptor α Modulators as Anti-Cancer Therapeutics: In Silico and Experimental Studies

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Abstract:

In the search for new estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) modulators, a trial molecular screening was conducted and 5,6-dihydroxybenzofuran was identified as a possible drug target for ERα. The target molecular modelling molecule 1 and a series of 5,6-dihydroxybenzofurans have been synthesized and evaluated for their anti-proliferation activities against MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. From the SAR studies, potential functional groups have been identified, the two hydroxyl groups at C-5 and C-6 and the phenyl ring at C-2, which showed considerable cytotoxicity in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. In addition, the apoptotic abilities of the compounds have been measured in both MCF-7 ER(+) and MDA-MB-231 ER(-) breast cancer cells. The results demonstrated that our compounds inhibit MCF-7 breast cancer cells via ER(+). These preliminary results provide valuable information towards the identification of important functional groups present on 5,6-dihydroxybenzofuran, which could be a promising scaffold for designing novel ER ligands.

Keywords: Estrogen receptor; apoptosis; benzofuran; proliferation; structure-activity relationships

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2013

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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