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Flavonoids in Atherosclerosis: An Overview of Their Mechanisms of Action

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Polyphenols are composed of a wide variety of molecules that are classified into several categories, according to their chemical type such as phenolic acids, flavonoids, stilbenes, and lignans. Many studies have proven the beneficial effects of flavonoids in atherosclerosis progression and cardiovascular disease. Dietary flavonoids reduce oxidative stress and exert anti-inflammatory actions. Moreover, flavonoids have the ability to avoid the thrombus formation, improve endothelial function, modify lipid levels and regulate glucose metabolism. In the context of this evidence in this review article we summarize the so far acquired knowledge of the most important mechanisms of action of flavonoids in atherosclerosis progression.

Keywords: Antioxidants; atheroscierosis; cardiovascular disease; flavonoids; inflammation

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2013

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

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